What is Excavation? Information About Excavation
What is Excavation? Information About Excavation, Excavation, which is the most basic concept of building construction, refers to all kinds of excavation works in general terms. However, what exactly the excavation is and how it is done is extremely important. So what is excavation, how is it done?
What is Excavation?
Excavation refers to all excavation activities carried out at a construction site. In other words, the operations that include the excavation, the transportation of the materials removed from the excavation and their pouring into the specified areas are called excavation. The specific areas where the materials from the excavation are poured are called the dump site. Casting sites are areas designated by municipalities.
In general, excavation can be done in different ways. It can be done by hand using pickaxes and shovels, or it can be done with the help of modern machines. However, with the developing technology, excavation activities are mostly carried out by modern machines. In particular, the bucket, excavator and bulldozer, which are among the construction equipment, are the most important assistants in the excavation process.
Excavation operations are regulated by certain technical rules and are very dangerous according to occupational health and safety regulations. However, there are some points to be considered during excavation.
In this direction, how the excavation works will be carried out is specified in the Environment, Urbanism and Climate Change regulations. Therefore, it is of great importance to comply with the rules during the excavation process, to use appropriate tools and to work with a specialist company.
What are the Hazards in Excavation Application?
Since excavation is a dangerous process, there are some risks that may occur during the application. In fact, serious consequences may occur not only during the application, but also after it. The dangers in question are as follows;
• ground and slope collapse,
• materials and vehicles falling on people in the field,
• unauthorized vehicles and people entering the site,
• coinciding with wastes containing chemicals,
• exposure to explosive materials,
• encountering electrical cables,
• come across dangerous reptiles and poisonous insects.
As you can see, excavation is a process that can be extremely dangerous. For this reason, it is necessary to pay attention to some details during the excavation application.